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image jan 09, 2020

COCONUT OIL IN A NUTSHELL

VIRGIN OR EXTRA VIRGIN


An unrefined coconut oil is typically labelled “virgin” or “extra-virgin”. There is not any consistent difference between virgin and extra-virgin coconut oils across all brands. Each brand tends to have their own definition of these labels but in general both virgin and extra-virgin coconut oils are made from the first pressing of fresh, raw coconut without the addition of any chemicals. The term virgin has come to mean that the oil is generally unprocessed. For example, virgin coconut oil usually has not been bleached, deodorized, or refined. Virgin oil is typically made from fresh coconuts, but processing techniques will still vary in determining the product’s quality. Virgin oil usually has a coconut scent flavour and heats up to 350° F.

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REFINED AND UNREFINED

There are two main kinds of coconut oil: refined and unrefined. Refined oils are possessing no coconut flavour or aroma. They are produced from dried copra, not fresh coconuts, and the oil typically undergoes various levels of processing, including being deodorized and bleached. Unrefined coconut oil is normally considered virgin and it possesses a light coconut taste and aroma, that will vary from brand to brand. This mostly depends on the freshness of the coconut used and type of processing it was subjected to.

WHICH TYPE OF COCONUT OIL TO CHOOSE?

To pick a high-quality product, focus on coconut oil that is virgin, organic, and processed in the least invasive way. Focus also on reputable companies who provide fair trade products and accurate, detailed information about their coconut oil.

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WHOLE KERNEL AND WHITE KERNEL

Whole kernel oil, which nutritious and has a slightly nuttier flavour. They’re both unrefined so they have the same smoke point is made from the coconut kernel with the inside skin left on, is more nutritious and has a slightly nuttier flavour, whereas white kernel oil is made from coconuts whose brown inner skins have been removed and has a milder, more delicate aroma. Both oils have the same culinary and body care uses. Whole kernel is marginally more nutritious and has a slightly nuttier flavour. They’re both unrefined so they have the same smoke point.


METHODS OF EXTRACTION:

1. COLD PRESSED OIL

Cold-Pressing is a process of extracting oil from oilseeds at normal temperature in a natural way without any chemical treatment. Cold-pressed oil is extracted mechanically. The temperature does not exceed room temperature. This preserves the anti-oxidant and nutrient-rich properties of oilseed.


2. EXPERLLER- PRESSED

Expeller-pressed is a mechanical process that extracts oil from seeds and nuts, at high pressure and heat, and is usually used for refined oils.


3. CENTRIFUDGE

Centrifuged coconut oil is generally one of the purest and most expensive oils. During the centrifuge process, coconuts are shelled, crushed and ground into a slurry. First, the milk is extracted from the meat; then the remaining coconut is placed in a high-speed centrifuge that rapidly spins the contents. Through this spinning process, the oil is separated from the meat. Centrifuge coconut oil retains a strong coconut taste and smell and requires no further refining.

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The writer is a distinguished nobleman in the coconut industry with experience spanning ten years.